Gabriel Barreiros Poveda
Master's – Sectorial analysis of the functional distribution of income in Argentina, Brazil and Chile in 2000's
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Fernando Monteiro Rugitsky
Comission: Profs. Drs. Gilberto Tadeu Lima, Pedro Mendes Loureiro and Ana Urraca Ruiz
Several Latin American countries in the 2000s saw an increase in the wage share of aggregate income. One of the ways to interpret this result is through sectoral analysis, since different sectors have different inner distributions of income between capital and labor. Therefore, looking at the trajectory of each sector in this period can elucidate what is behind this distributive process. The brazilian, argentine and chilean cases are instigating in this regard, as the former two had active policies aimed at strengthening workers well-being, while the latter was far behind its peers in this regard. Furthermore, there is an internal dynamic capable of generating structural changes in the distribution of income that is notoriously more potent in Brazil and Argentina. Therefore, this research finds empirical evidence that the ideological position of governments is a factor that has a direct and short-term influence on the distributive conflict of each country. Furthermore, there is evidence that the service sectors were very important to the changes observed in this decade, and that this must be taken into account in the formulation of economic policies. Finally, there is evidence that countries with a lower degree of unionization are more susceptible to a more unequal appropriation of income.
*Abstract provided by the author