Wilson Tarantin Júnior
Doctorate – Tarantin Junior, W. (2019). The effects of reducing financing constraints to debt issuance in Brazilian bond market on financing and investment of Brazilian public and private companies
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Lucas Ayres Barreira de Campos Barros
Comission: Profs. Drs. Tatiana Albanez, Maurício Ribeiro do Valle and Wilson Toshiro Nakamura
Class: 217, FEA-5
This study analyses the effects of reducing financing constraints to debt issuance in Brazilian bond market on financing and investments of Brazilian public and private non-financial companies. Empirically, this study interprets that CVM Act nº 476, in force since 2009, which deals with public issuance of securities issued with restricted efforts, may have reduced financing constraints faced by Brazilian companies, since this Act, compared to the traditional mechanism to access Brazilian bond market, reduced issuance costs of debentures in domestic bond market, made the access to capital faster and reduced a regulatory barrier for private companies, restricted from conducting public issues of debentures in domestic bond market before CVM 476. The hypotheses related to financing propose that CVM 476, that is, the reduction in financing constraints, allowed companies to increase total leverage, due to the increase in long-term leverage. Regarding investments, hypotheses related to cash holdings and investments in long-term assets were proposed. The hypothesis concerning cash proposes that CVM 476 allowed companies to maintain lower cash holdings, due to the reduction in financing constraint component of the cash policy. Regarding investments in long-term assets, the hypothesis proposes that CVM 476 allowed companies to increase their investments, since they could become less dependent on internally generated cash flow and other sources of capital. These effects are expected to be greater for private companies, since these companies are expected to be more financially constrained than public companies, especially with regard to the access to the domestic bond market. Two empirical approaches were employed to investigate the hypotheses. In the first one, debentures issues according to CVM 476 were added to the models as the explanatory variable of interest, and is represented by a dummy variable that indicates the issuance of the debentures, in the year of the issue. In the second approach, CVM 476 is analyzed as a natural experiment that may have caused an exogenous shock in financing constraints, that is, a decrease in financing constraints faced by Brazilian public and private companies (treatment group) and, in this approach, limited liability firms are defined as the control group. The results are compatible with the hypotheses regarding financing, that is, CVM 476 made possible the increase in total and long-term leverage of the companies, and there is evidence that these effects are greater for private companies. On the other hand, no robust evidence was found that indicate the CVM 476 made possible extensive adjustments in cash holdings and investments in long-term assets of the companies treated by CVM 476.
*Abstract provided by the author