Edson Carlos Germano
Doctorate – Governance and Sustainability in Government Open Data Ecosystems
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Nicolau Reinhard
Comission: Profs. Drs. Adriana Backx Noronha Viana, Violeta Sun and Claudio Sonaglio Albano
Class: 217, FEA-5
A Government Open Data (OGD) Ecosystem and the representation of actors, information flows or financial resources, rules and policies governing environmental governance where the main resource for the establishment of this dynamic is the DAG and that involves activities from the production of the data in open format until its consumption as a product or service by a user. The study focused its investigation in the case of the ecosystem existing in the Federal Public Administration, analyzing the case based on the partial organizations model, according to the theory proposed by Ahrne and Brunsson in the study "Organization outside organizations: the significance of partial organization". The study identified the performance profiles of ecosystem members, such as production and data collection, analysis, modeling and visualization, publication, distribution, enrichment and organization, as primary activities for access and use of DAG databases, enabling the creation of products and services that deliver value to the organizations that offer those products and services. The theoretical framework was based on the concepts of definition and characterization of DAG, the creation of value with DAG, the life cycle of the DAG ecosystem and the characterization of the environment as a partial organization structure. To understand how governance occurs in the ecosystem, we used theoretical concepts of crowd governance and the performance of a leading organization in a network of collaborators. The analysis of the case allowed the construction of propositions relevant to the understanding of the role of the leading organization in the development and attainment of the maturity of the DAG ecosystem. It also allowed the proposition of factors that affect the creation and maintenance of an ecosystem formed by producers, intermediaries, and users, where added value is added to the DAG throughout the activities of the chain generating a flow of information, products, services, and financial resources. The study contributes to the evolution of the concept of partial organization presenting a case where governance is only possible through actions in the dimensions of rules, monitoring, and sanctions.
*Abstract provided by the author