Marise Regina Barbosa Uemura
Doctorate – Entrepreneurial education for young secundary school students: initiatives in Brazil and effects on participants' entrepreneurial skills
Advisor: Profa. Dra. Liliana Vasconcellos Guedes
Comission: Profs. Drs. Diogenes de Souza Bido, Rose Mary Almeida Lopes and Edson Sadao Iizuka
Link YouTube: https://youtu.be/gFv8WEvjNg8
Entrepreneurial education (EE) for children and young people has been receiving attention in several countries around the world, being discussed in the academic and public policy spheres, as it substantially contributes to preparing students for the challenges of the 21st century. This thesis aims to better understand the field of study of EE in basic education, analyze EE initiatives in secondary schools and their effects on students' entrepreneurial skills. For this, three articles have been prepared: (1) a systematic review of the literature on EE in basic education, its main aspects, methodologies and results; (2) a qualitative research in which eight EE initiatives in Brazilian secondary schools were analyzed, including their objectives and teaching methods and also their learning assessment strategies; (3) a survey with a quantitative approach, evaluating the effects of the Mini-company initiative, offered by Junior Achievement Brasil, on the perception of high school students in relation to their entrepreneurial skills. Among the main results, opportunities for studies were identified, based on the literature review, as a space for further research on pedagogical practices and the effects of initiatives; the diversification of countries, bearing in mind the predominance of Europeans; more research on evaluating initiatives, comparing pedagogical practices, content and formats; and more national research, especially in high-impact journals. The second article was organized into two groups with eight initiatives active in Brazilian high schools ("business creation" and "entrepreneurial behavior"), making a connection with the different approaches to entrepreneurial education discussed in the literature: education "for", “about” and “through” entrepreneurship. An opportunity was identified for initiatives to adopt quantitative or qualitative models for evaluating results, whether in relation to attitudes, entrepreneurial skills or intention to SET UP/START a business. And the third article, with a quantitative approach identified, from 287 questionnaires answered by students before and after participating in the Mini-company initiative, the existence of positive effects in four skills: entrepreneurial self-efficacy, analytical ABILITY, creativity and risk management. Others had statistically significant effects on specific variables. The results of this thesis contribute to the theory by organizing the literature into themes, identifying opportunities; for presenting an overview of initiatives in Brazilian schools, expanding the field of study in the country; and for adapting two quantitative models to measure effects on entrepreneurial skills. In practical terms, educational managers and other professionals responsible for developing curriculum guidelines and implementing EE in schools can take advantage of these results as support for their decisions, favouring the expansion of EE initiatives in the curriculum of public and private educational institutions or active in the third sector.
*Abstract provided by the author